Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

Geographic coordinates
5 00 S, 120 00 E (0.7893° S, 113.9213° E)

Map references
Southeast Asia

total: 1,904,569 sq km
land: 1,811,569 sq km 
water: 93,000 sq km

Area - comparative

slightly less than three times the size of Texas

Land boundaries
total: 2,958 km
border countries: Timor-Leste 228 km (253 km), Malaysia 1,782 km (1,881 km) Papua New Guinea 820 km (824 km)

54,720 km

Maritime claims
measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines 
territorial sea: 12 nm 
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

Elevation extremes
Mean elevation: 367 m
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m 
highest point: Puncak Jaya 4,884 m

Natural resources
petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver. Indonesia is a globally leading exporter of tin and thermal coal.

Land use
agricultural land: 31.2%
arable land 13%; permanent crops 12.1%; permanent pasture 6.1%
forest: 51.7%
other: 17.1% (2011)
arable land: 11.03% 
permanent crops: 7.04% 
other: 81.93% (2005)

Irrigated land
67,220 sq km (2008)

Total renewable water resources
2,838 cu km (2012)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
total: 113.3 cu km/yr (11%/19%/71%)
per capita: 517 cu ,/yr (2016)

Natural hazards
occasional floods; severe droughts; tsunamis; earthquakes; volcanoes; forest fires 
volcanism: Indonesia contains the most volcanoes of any country in the world - some 76 are historically active; significant volcanic activity occurs on Java, western Sumatra, the Sunda Islands, Halmahera Island, Sulawesi Island, Sangihe Island, and in the Banda Sea; Merapi (elev. 2,968 m), Indonesia's most active volcano and in eruption since 2010, has been deemed a "Decade Volcano" by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; other notable historically active volcanoes include Agung, Awu, Karangetang, Krakatau (Krakatoa), Makian, Raung, and Tambora

Environment - current issues
deforestation; water pollution from industrial wastes, sewage; air pollution in urban areas; smoke and haze from forest fires

Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands 
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note
according to Indonesia's National Coordinating Agency for Survey and Mapping, the total number of islands in the archipelago is 13,466, of which 922 are permanently inhabited (Indonesia is the world's largest country comprised solely of islands); the country straddles the equator and occupies a strategic location astride or along major sea lanes from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean; despite having the fourth largest population in the world, Indonesia is the most heavily forested region on earth after the Amazon


Tobias Asserlaan 8,
2517 KC Den Haag, Belanda

Contact & Services

Office Hour:
Monday - Friday
09.00 - 16.00 

Monday, Tuesday & Wednesday
 (by appointment only)

Monday - Friday
09.00-12.00 (submission)

14.00-15.00 (collection)
 (by appointment only)

Tuesday & Thursday
10.00-12.00 (submission) 
14.00-15.00 (collection)
 (by appointment only)


The Embassy closes on the Indonesian and Dutch national holidays

Holiday 2020